International Yoga Day, or commonly referred to as Yoga Day, is observed every year on June 21 since its inception in the year 2015. Yoga itself is a very old practice that is followed in India since time immemorial. Its origin can be traced back to Lord Shiva, who is also called the Adi Yogi (first guru) and is known as the teacher to all the yogis in the world. However, today, the need for a nation that practices yoga on a day-to-day basis was felt by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, himself.
The idea to observe June 21 as Yoga Day was first proposed by the Prime Minister during his speech at the United Nations General Assembly in September 2014. June 21 is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere.
He has stated: “For us in India, respect for nature is an integral part of spiritualism. We treat nature’s bounties as sacred. Yoga is an invaluable gift of India’s ancient tradition. Yoga embodies unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfilment; harmony between man and nature; a holistic approach to health and well being. It is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world and the nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help us deal with climate change and in bettering our well being. Let us work towards adopting an International Yoga Day.”
The draft of the proposal was presented by India’s Permanent Representative Asoke Kumar Mukerji in UNGA in December 2014. It was a historic moment for UNGA as the draft received a very healthy support from its member states, the maximum that had ever been witnessed in its history. Of the total 193 members of the UNGA, the proposal was approved by a consensus of 177 co-sponsoring countries. “Little did I know the kind of unprecedented response our proposal would receive,” Modi said during his speech at the very first International Yoga Day celebrations at Vigyan Bhavan in Delhi.
Modi stated the reason for proposing 21 June for the date as the day being the longest day of the year in the northern hemisphere (while being shortest in the southern hemisphere). The day is known as summer solstice and has special significance from the perspective of yoga. Summer solstice is known to mark a transition to Dakshinaya.
This transition is considered supportive to yoga practitioners as Dakshinayana is considered as a period of natural support to spiritual practices. Post the summer solstice, the first full moon is known as Guru Poornima.
Besides this, it is also believed that Shiva started imparting the knowledge of yoga to the rest of humanity on this very day. It was the day when he became the Adi Guru (first guru) of yoga.
The adoption of this resolution by UN was supported by many yoga practitioners and several spiritual leaders in India. They included the founder of Isha foundation, Sadhguru, and the founder of Art of Living, Ravi Shankar, who appreciated and fully supported the move. Ravi Shankar said that yoga was almost an orphan before that and an official recognition by the United Nations of a dedicated day for Yoga can substantially help spread the benefits of yoga to the entire world.
The first International Yoga Day was celebrated all over the world on 21 June, 2015. The day was celebrated at Rajpath and the arrangements were made by Ministry of AYUSH. Narendra Modi and dignitaries from 84 nations participated in the celebrations and performed 21 yoga asanas.